Thursday, July 5, 2012

Resources for Dealing with Alleged Bible Contradictions, Discrepancies and Errors

Introductory resources for alleged Bible "Contradictions", "Discrepancies" and "Errors". Or what I like to call "Bible CDEs" for short. Some of these resources are texts while others are in audio format.

One of my all time favorite apologists is Steve Hays.
Below are links to his paper "Why I Believe"

"Triablogue" is where he and the other "Triabloggers" blog on apologetical issues. Here's the website:


Why I Believe by Steve Hays part 1: A Positive Apologetic

Why I Believe by Steve Hays part 2: I'm Glad You Asked!

In part 2 he deals with Biblical criticism and succinctly notes that, "Inerrancy is perfectly compatible with selective reporting, topical sequencing, paraphrastic citation, round numbers, variant names, and literary dependence."
He obviously says more, and so I recommend one reads the entire section.

John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
Gill's commentary often addresses many classic CDEs.


Adam Clarke's Bible Commentary
Clarke's commentary often addresses many classic CDEs.


Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
by Jamieson, Fausset and Brown often addresses many classic CDEs.



What is Inerrancy? audio podcast with William Lane Craig

The Inerrancy of Scripture by Kevin Vanhoozer

Norman Geisler's When Critics Ask: A Popular Handbook of Bible Difficulties (online)

Difficulties in the Bible: Alleged Errors and Contradictions by R.A. Torrey


Countering Bible Contradictions
(this link is down, so I think I found another copy below)

Contradicting Bible Contradictions

Hard Sayings of the Bible by Walter C. Kaiser 

Steve Gregg's lecture series titled "Authority of Scriptures" can be listened to at this link:
The most relevant are parts 5, 7 and 8 (HIGHLY RECOMMENDED)

05. Historical Accuracy of the Bible

07. Alleged Discrepancies - Part 1

08. Alleged Discrepancies - Part 2

The Inerrancy of Scripture lectures by Wayne Grudem
(based on his book Introduction to Systematic Theology)

part 1

part 2

part 3

For all the lectures by Wayne Grudem based on his book, visit this link:

Or here:

Do the Gospels Contradict Themselves? by Michael Licona (43 min. video)

Do the Gospels Contradict? by Michael Licona

 Mike Licona Discusses What Makes a Bible Contradiction

Mike Licona interviewed by Frank Turek on Bible Contradictions

The A, B, Cs . . . Ds Es of Defending the Gospels - Dr. Mike Licona

Why are there differences in the Gospels? - Mike Licona

Why are there differences in the Gospels? - Mike Licona  (same lecture as above given at a different time)

Gospel Differences & Compositional Textbooks

Webinar: Why Are There Differences Between the Gospels? A Conversation with Dr. Michael Licona

Articles (mostly) by Norman Geisler on the "Licona Controversy"  

Is Genre Criticism of the Gospels Contrary to the Inerrancy of Scripture? by Norman Geisler

Mike Licona Responds to Norman Geisler

 I also recommend the blogs on the "Licona Controversy" at Triablogue-
For example:

The resurrected saints (9/12/11)
Hubner on Licona (9/12/11)
Geisler responds to Licona (9/13/11)
Something Close to Biblicism (9/13/11)
Geisler adversus Geisler (9/14/11)
Licona responds to Mohler (9/15/11)
Father Church (9/15/11)
Just in the Nick of time (9/15/11)
Lumpkins disposable morals  (9/16/11)
Odds and Enns (9/16/11)
Early Christian And Non-Christian Interpretations Of The Matthew 27 Phenomena (9/16/11)
The Doctrine of Inspiration and the World of the Ancient Near East (9/16/11)
"An Inconsistent Argument Against Inerrancy" (9/16/11)
Geisler's selective prooftexting (9/18/11)
The day hope died (9/18/11)
The blessed hope (9/19/11)
Penultimate thoughts on the Licona controversy (9/19/11)
Inerrancy and hermeneutics  (9/19/11)
When the Saints Go Marching In (11/19/11)
Beckwith misstates Catholic theology (12/3/11)
Roundtable Discussion Of Matthew 27:52-53 (7/31/12)
Gospel Contradictions
(read in connection with Lydia McGrew's post:
A gospel fictionalization theory is no help to the gospel
Police videos and Gospel harmonization
Gospel harmonization
Jesus remembered



Contradictions in the Bible accounts of Jesus rising from the dead?

Discrepancies in the Gospels with W. Hall Harris and Darrell Bock

Darrell Bock on Bible Contradictions

Inerrancy and the Gospels: A God-Centered Approach to the Challenges of Harmonization by Vern Poythress (book) 

Inerrancy and Worldview: Answering Modern Chalenges to the Bible by Vern Poythress

Inerrancy, Harmonization and the Synoptic Gospels: A Response to Darrell Bock by Vern Poythress

Logic by Vern Poythress

Presuppositions and Harmonization: Luke 23:47 as a Test Case by Vern Poythress

Dan Olinger on Bible Contradictions (part 1 and 2)
From his series on apologetics
part 1

part 2

Resolutions to Bible Contradictions by Apologetics Press website

A Bible Commentary for Muslims

Errors and Contradictions in the Bible? from the Answering Islam website

101 Cleared-Up "Contradictions" in the Bible! By: Jay Smith, Alex Chowdhry, Toby Jepson, James Schaeffer

Introduction to Bible Difficulties and Bible Contradictions by Matt Slick

E.W. Bullinger's unique way of resolving alleged CDEs can be found by reading the Appendixes to his The Companion Bible.
Some of his resolutions are far-fetched and clearly ad hoc. While others may have some merit.

Appendixes to The Companion Bible

An example of one of resolutions which at first seemed ad hoc to me, but now seems plausible is the seeming contradiction of whether both criminals reviled Christ or whether one of them honored him.
He deals with it in appendix 164 THE "OTHERS"CRUCIFIED WITH THE LORD
John W. Schoenheit does a great job explaining Bullinger's resolution in this YouTube video
This might be the same John Schoenheit who was once associated with the cult "The Way International". I post the link to the video only for the specific topic of the alleged contradiction. I don't endorse all of this person's theology (whoever he is).

Another work by Bullinger that can be helpful in resolving apparent contradictions is his book

Figures of Speech Used in the Bible

For the sake of fairness here's a link to the website which has the most comprehensive list of alleged Bible contradictions from a skeptics point of view. Fortunately, and to the credit of the website's author, the website also has links to responses and resolutions offered by other people on other websites. The famous (or for some infamous) website is:

The Skeptic's Annotated Bible (SAB)

Christian Responses to the SAB:

A similar site to the SAB is Though the website lists passages that suggest Biblical errancy, there are nevertheless interesting comments that people have posted that make some sense as to how some of these discrepancies can be resolved.

Dave Armstrong's Master List of Christian Internet Resources for Bible Difficulties

Six Factors That Do Not Affect Inerrancy by C. Michael Patton

Some links to some comments I've made on blogs concerning Inerrancy.

Words of light and life

One angel or two?

For more of my comments on this topic and various topics, one can go to this page:

My Comments on Other Blogs

Answering Moral Objections to the Bible 

Book Reviews of Recent Atheist Authors by Christian Apologists

Future planned additions to this blog will include:
-Recommended books in defense of Inerrancy
-Further resources for specific CDEs

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